WO2019173923A1 – September 19, 2019 – VAPE DEVICES, INCLUDING CARTRIDGES, TABLETS, SENSORS, AND CONTROLS FOR VAPE DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING THE SAME

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Inventors :

POPPLEWELL, Peter - 19 Phylis Street, Ottawa, Ontario K2J 1T6; STEWART, Andrew - 21 Andrea Crescent, Ottawa, Ontario K2J 1G8; PENNEY, Steven - 18 Springwater Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K2M 2J7; GEILING, Ben - 84 Brockville Street, Apt. 3, Smith Falls, Ontario K7A 3Y2; JONES, Mark - 504 -85 E. Liberty Street, Toronto, Ontario M6K 3R4; WEAVER, Paul - 51 Mill Street, Suite 201, Toronto, Ontario M5A 3C4; DAVIS, Stephen - 513 Westminster Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario K2J 1G8; SHIPLEY, Tom - 21 Grieg Street, Smith Falls, Ontario K7A 1M2; VERMETTE, Yan - 316 Statewood Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K2K 0A9; PICCOLI, John - 1 Hershey Drive, Smith Falls, Ontario K7A 0A8; WONG, Michael - 1 Hershey Drive, Smith Falls, Ontario K7A 0A8

Owner :

CANOPY GROWTH CORPORATION

Application Number :

WOCA19050316

Document Number :

WO2019173923A1

Priority Date :

January 1, 1970

Filing Date :

March 14, 2019

Date of Grant/ Publication :

September 19, 2019

Class :

A24F47 / 00; A61M11 / 00; A61M15 / 06; H05B3 / 00

Abstract

Vape devices and methods of operating the same to prevent unauthorized use, allow for remote, centralized storage of operational settings associated with unique payload identifiers, and to optimize operation based on historical usage data, real-time operating conditions, and/or user information. Vape devices for vaporizing dry material and methods of operating the same. Tablets comprising dry material for vaporization and methods of making and using the same. Vape devices and cartridges to improve flow of a fluid payload to an atomizer and to prevent leaking and spurting of the fluid payload, including vape devices and cartridges that pressurize the fluid payload. Vapor measurement systems to determine dosage based on a measured capacitance of vaporized payload. A two-lead communication system that enables the communication of a plurality of electrical signals between a control assembly and cartridge. A cartridge temperature control system that provides localized temperature control for the cartridge.

Claim(s)

1. A vape device comprising: a payload reservoir configured to hold a payload for vaporization; a heating element configured to heat the payload; a power source coupled to the heating element; a sensor that is configured to sense an operational condition of the vape device as vapor is generated by the vape device; a processor; a memory device; and a set of instructions stored in the memory device and executable by the processor to: receive the operational condition from the sensor; and adjust power provided to the heating element by the power source based on the sensed operational condition.;
9. A system for determining a heating profde for a vape device, the system comprising: a processor; a memory device; and a set of instructions stored in the memory device and executable by the processor to: receive a sensed plurality of draw strengths and a sensed plurality of draw lengths, wherein each draw strength and each draw length are associated with an instance of a user drawing vapor from the vape device; determine a historical draw strength from the sensed plurality of draw strengths; determine a historical draw length from the sensed plurality of draw lengths; and generate a heating profde for a heating element of the vape device based on the historical draw strength and the historical draw length, wherein the heating profde corresponds with power provided to the heating element over time.;
22. A method for operating a vape device, comprising: sensing an operational condition of the vape device as vapor is generated by the vape device; and adjusting a power provided to a heating element of the vape device based on the sensed operational condition.;
28. A method for operating a vape device, comprising: sensing a plurality of draw strengths and a plurality of draw lengths, wherein each draw strength and each draw length are associated with an instance of a user drawing vapor from the vape device; determining a historical draw strength from the sensed plurality of draw strengths; determining a historical draw length from the sensed plurality of draw lengths; determining a heating profde for a heating element of the vape device based on the historical draw strength and the historical draw length; and adjusting a power provided to the heating element in accordance with the heating profde.;
41. A cartridge for vaporizing a payload comprising dry material, the cartridge comprising: a housing that defines an interior chamber, wherein the housing comprises an inlet and an outlet, wherein the interior chamber is accessible through an opening in the housing, and wherein at least a portion of the housing is configured to movably cover and uncover the opening; and a heating element positioned within the interior chamber.;
59. A tablet for use with a cartridge for vaporizing dry material, comprising: dry material pressed into a shape comprising at least a first surface and a second surface positioned opposite the first surface, wherein at least one recess is formed in at least one of the first surface and the second surface.;
67. A tablet for use with a cartridge for vaporizing dry material, comprising: dry material pressed into a shape comprising at least a first surface and a second surface positioned opposite the first surface, wherein a heating element is coupled to the dry material.;
72. A method of using a vape device to vaporize a tablet of pressed, dry material, the method comprising: inserting the tablet through an opening in the vape device into an interior chamber of the vape device; activating a heating element of the vape device to vaporize a portion of the tablet into tablet vapor; and inhaling at least a portion of the tablet vapor.;
78. A method of making a tablet for use with a cartridge for vaporizing dry material, the method comprising: providing a dry material; measuring a percentage of a component of the dry material; determining a desired amount of the component; determining a desired thickness that corresponds with the desired amount of the component; and pressing the dry material into a tablet of the desired thickness to include the desired amount of the component.;
83. A method of making a tablet for use with a cartridge for vaporizing dry material, the method comprising: providing a first dry material; measuring a first percentage of a first component of the first dry material; providing a second dry material; measuring a second percentage of a second component of the second dry material; determining a desired ratio of the first percentage to the second percentage; and forming a tablet that contains the desired ratio of the first percentage to the second percentage.;
88. A cartridge for a vape device, comprising: a housing defining a payload reservoir, an inlet, an outlet, and an air flow chamber positioned between the inlet and the outlet; an atomizer positioned within the housing, wherein the atomizer is in fluid communication with the payload reservoir; and a deflector positioned in the air flow chamber between the atomizer and the outlet, wherein the deflector comprises a plurality of holes.;
108. A cartridge for a vape device, comprising: a housing comprising a first end and a second end, wherein the housing defines a payload reservoir, an inlet positioned adjacent the first end, an outlet positioned adjacent the first end, and an air flow chamber positioned between the inlet and the outlet; and an atomizer positioned within the housing, wherein the atomizer is in fluid communication with the payload reservoir and the air flow chamber.;
132. A cartridge for a vape device, comprising: a housing comprising an outer side wall and an inner side wall spaced apart from the outer side wall, wherein the housing defines a payload reservoir positioned between the inner side wall and the outer side wall, wherein a plurality of elongated slots are formed in the inner side wall, wherein the housing defines an inlet, an outlet, and an air flow chamber positioned between the inlet and the outlet; and an atomizer positioned within a chamber defined by the inner side wall, wherein the plurality of elongated slots place the atomizer in fluid communication with the payload reservoir, and wherein the atomizer is in fluid communication with the air flow chamber.;
145. A cartridge for a vape device, comprising: a housing defining a payload reservoir; an atomizer positioned within the housing; and a pressurizer positioned within the housing, wherein the pressurizer is configured to apply pressure to a fluid payload within the payload reservoir to force the fluid payload into contact with the atomizer.;
185. A vape device, comprising: a housing comprising a first end and a second end, wherein a longitudinal axis of the housing extends between the first end and the second end; an atomizer positioned in the housing; and a payload reservoir positioned in the housing, wherein the payload reservoir is defined at least in part by a reservoir side wall comprising a first end positioned adjacent the atomizer and a second end, wherein the reservoir side wall slopes toward the atomizer from the second end of the reservoir side wall to the first end of the reservoir side wall when the housing is positioned so that the longitudinal axis is generally horizontal.;
216. A vape device, comprising: a housing comprising a first end and a second end, wherein a longitudinal axis of the housing extends between the first end and the second end, wherein the vape device is configured so that the housing orients itself in a predetermined position when the housing is placed on a generally horizontal surface and the longitudinal axis is generally horizontal.;
222. A vape device, comprising: a housing comprising a first end and a second end, wherein a longitudinal axis of the housing extends between the first end and the second end, wherein the housing defines an inlet, an outlet positioned adjacent the second end of the housing, and an air flow chamber positioned between the inlet and the outlet; a tray that is positioned in the housing, wherein the tray comprises a first section that defines a recess and a second section that defines a payload reservoir positioned adjacent the second end of the housing, wherein the tray comprises a first side positioned adjacent the housing and a second side; an atomizer positioned in the housing, wherein the atomizer is in fluid communication with the payload reservoir; and a flexible circuit board that is positioned adjacent the second side of the tray in the recess defined by the tray.;
claim 18: 245. A vape device, comprising: a housing defining an inlet, an outlet, and an air flow chamber positioned between the inlet and the outlet; an atomizer positioned in the air flow chamber, wherein the atomizer is configured to heat and vaporize a payload to generate a vaporized payload; a capacitive sensor positioned in the air flow chamber between the atomizer and the outlet, wherein the capacitive sensor defines a measurement cavity within the air flow chamber; and a sensor measurement circuit connected to the capacitive sensor, wherein the sensor measurement circuit is configured to directly or indirectly measure a capacitance of the capacitive sensor when the vaporized payload passes through the measurement cavity.;
claim 19: 264. A method of determining a capacitance of a capacitive sensor, the method comprising: heating and vaporizing a payload to generate a vaporized payload; passing the vaporized payload through a measurement cavity defined by the capacitive sensor; and measuring a capacitance of the capacitive sensor when the vaporized payload passes through the measurement cavity.;
claim 20: 282. A vapor measurement system for a vape device, comprising: a capacitive sensor that defines a measurement cavity; and a sensor measurement circuit connected to the capacitive sensor, wherein the sensor measurement circuit is configured to directly or indirectly measure a capacitance of the capacitive sensor when a vaporized payload passes through the measurement cavity.;
claim 21: 299. A vape device, comprising: a control assembly comprising a power source and a reader; a cartridge comprising a heating element and an electronic memory configured to store data; and a two-conductor electrical interface configured to (a) transmit a power signal from the power source to the heating element and (b) transmit a data signal from the electronic memory to the reader.;
claim 22: 312. A method of transmitting a plurality of signals over a two-conductor electrical interface between a control assembly and a cartridge of a vape device, comprising: transmitting a power signal from a power source of the control assembly over the two-conductor electrical interface to a heating element of the cartridge; and transmitting a data signal from an electronic memory of the cartridge over the two-conductor electrical interface to a reader of the control assembly.;
claim 23: 325. A two-lead communication system for a vape device, comprising: a control assembly; a cartridge; and an electromechanical connection comprising a first connector coupled to a second connector, wherein the first connector is provided as part of the control assembly, wherein the second connector is provided as part of the cartridge, and wherein the electromechanical connection provides a two-conductor electrical interface that enables the communication of a plurality of electrical signals between the control assembly and the cartridge.;
claim 24: 337. A vape device, comprising: a control assembly comprising a radio frequency identification (RFID) reader; a cartridge comprising an RFID tag; and a two-conductor electrical interface configured to transmit cartridge data from the RFID reader to the RFID tag to thereby program the cartridge data into the RFID tag.;
claim 25: 342. A vape device, comprising: a control assembly comprising a power source; and a cartridge releasably connected to the control assembly, wherein the cartridge comprises: a payload reservoir configured to hold a payload for vaporization; a heating element configured to heat the payload in the payload reservoir; a temperature control circuit configured to regulate a power provided to the heating element by the power source based on a temperature sensed within the cartridge and a desired temperature set point.;
claim 26: 356. A method of controlling power provided to a heating element housed within a cartridge of a vape device, the method comprising: sensing a temperature within the cartridge; and regulating a power provided to the heating element based on the temperature sensed within the cartridge and a desired temperature set point.;
claim 27: 366. A temperature control system for a cartridge of a vape device, comprising: a heating element configured to heat a payload; a temperature sensor configured to sense the temperature within the cartridge; and a temperature control circuit incorporating the temperature sensor, wherein the temperature control circuit is configured to regulate a power provided to the heating element based on the temperature sensed within the cartridge and a desired temperature set point.;
claim 28: 376. A vape device, comprising: a control assembly comprising a microcontroller and a power source, wherein the microcontroller is configured to control the power source so as to generate a power signal; a cartridge comprising an atomizer, a payload reservoir, and an authentication device, wherein the atomizer is configured to heat a portion of the payload contained in the payload reservoir, and wherein the authentication device is configured to (a) implement an authentication protocol to determine whether the cartridge is authentic and (b) control transmission of the power signal from the power source to the atomizer based on an outcome of the authentication protocol; and an electromechanical connector comprising a first connector releasably coupled to a second connector, wherein the first connector is provided as part of the control assembly and the second connector is provided as part of the cartridge.;
claim 29: 393. A cartridge for a vape device, comprising: a payload reservoir; an atomizer configured to heat a portion of the payload contained in the payload reservoir; and an authentication device configured to (a) implement an authentication protocol to determine whether the cartridge is authentic and (b) control transmission of a power signal to the atomizer based on an outcome of the authentication protocol.;
claim 30: 411. A method of authenticating a cartridge of a vape device, comprising: storing authentication data in an authentication device within the cartridge; implementing an authentication protocol that uses the authentication data to determine whether the cartridge is authentic; and controlling transmission of a power signal to an atomizer of the cartridge based on an outcome of the authentication protocol.;
claim 31: 426. A system for authenticating users of vape devices, wherein each of the vape devices comprises a payload reservoir identified by a unique payload identifier, the system comprising: a processor; a memory device; a set of instructions stored in the memory device and executable by the processor to: receive user authentication information input by a user; receive a unique payload identifier for a payload reservoir of a vape device; retrieve authentication information stored in association with the unique payload identifier in a database; compare the user authentication information input by the user with the authentication information stored in the database; generate, based on the comparison, a security setting indicating whether the user who input the user authentication information is authorized to use the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier; and cause transmission of the security setting to the vape device.;
claim 32: 438. A method for authenticating users of vape devices, wherein each of the vape devices comprises a payload reservoir identified by a unique payload identifier, the method comprising: receiving user authentication information input by a user into a personal computing device; receiving a unique payload identifier for a payload reservoir from a vape device; retrieving authentication information stored in association with the unique payload identifier in a database; comparing the user authentication information input by the user into the personal computing device with the authentication information stored in the database; generating, based on the comparison, a security setting indicating whether the user who input the user authentication information into the personal computing device is authorized to use the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier; and transmitting the security setting to the vape device.;
claim 33: 446. A system for authenticating users of vape devices, comprising: a vape device comprising a payload reservoir, wherein the vape device is configured to store a unique payload identifier that identifies the payload reservoir, and wherein the vape device is configured to transmit the unique payload identifier to a personal computing device; and an application configured to be installed on the personal computing device, wherein the application is configured to enable the personal computing device to (a) receive user authentication information input by a user, (b) receive the unique payload identifier from the vape device, (c) retrieve authentication information stored in association with the unique payload identifier in a database, (d) compare the user authentication information with the authentication information stored in the database, (?) generate, based on the comparison, a security setting indicating whether the user who input the user authentication information is authorized to use a payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier, and (f) transmit the security setting to the vape device.;
claim 34: 457. A system for determining whether payload reservoirs of vape devices are depleted, wherein each of the payload reservoirs is identified by a unique payload identifier, the system comprising: a processor; a memory device; a set of instructions stored in the memory device and executable by the processor to: receive a unique payload identifier for a payload reservoir of a vape device; retrieve payload information stored in association with the unique payload identifier in a database, wherein the payload information comprises an original volume of a payload contained within the payload reservoir; retrieve historical payload reservoir usage information stored in association with the unique payload identifier in the database; analyze the payload information stored in the database and the historical payload reservoir usage information stored in the database; generate, based on the analysis, a security setting indicating whether the payload reservoir is depleted; and cause transmission of the security setting to the vape device, wherein operation of the vape device is prevented if the security setting indicates that the payload reservoir is depleted.;
claim 35: 463. A method for determining whether payload reservoirs of vape devices are depleted, wherein each of the payload reservoirs is identified by a unique payload identifier, the method comprising: receiving a unique payload identifier for a payload reservoir from a vape device; retrieving payload information stored in association with the unique payload identifier in a database, wherein the payload information comprises an original volume of a payload contained within the payload reservoir; retrieving historical payload reservoir usage information stored in association with the unique payload identifier in the database; analyzing the payload information stored in the database and the historical payload reservoir usage information stored in the database; generating, based on the analysis, a security setting indicating whether the payload reservoir is depleted; and transmitting the security setting to the vape device, wherein operation of the vape device is prevented if the security setting indicates that the payload reservoir is depleted.;
claim 36: 465. A system for determining whether payload reservoirs of vape devices are depleted, comprising: a vape device comprising a payload reservoir, wherein the vape device is configured to store a unique payload identifier that identifies the payload reservoir, and wherein the vape device is configured to transmit the unique payload identifier to a personal computing device; and an application configured to be installed on the personal computing device, wherein the application is configured to enable the personal computing device to (a) receive the unique payload identifier from the vape device, (b) retrieve payload information stored in association with the unique payload identifier in a database, wherein the payload information comprises an original volume of the payload contained within the payload reservoir, (c) retrieve historical payload reservoir usage information stored in association with the unique payload identifier in the database, (d) analyze the payload information stored in the database and the historical payload reservoir usage information stored in the database, (?) generate, based on the analysis, a security setting indicating whether he payload reservoir is depleted, and (f) transmit the security setting to the vape device, wherein operation of the vape device is prevented if the security setting indicates that the payload reservoir is depleted.;
claim 37: 469. A system for determining whether payload reservoirs of vape devices have been returned to a return center, wherein each of the payload reservoirs is identified by a unique payload identifier, the system comprising: a processor; a memory device; a set of instructions stored in the memory device and executable by the processor to: receive a unique payload identifier for a payload reservoir of a vape device; determine whether the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier has been returned; generate a security setting indicating whether the payload reservoir has been returned; and cause transmission of the security setting to the vape device, wherein operation of the vape device is prevented if the security setting indicates that the payload reservoir has been returned.;
claim 38: 474. A method for determining whether payload reservoirs of vape devices have been returned to a return center, wherein each of the payload reservoirs is identified by a unique payload identifier, the method comprising: receiving a unique payload identifier for a payload reservoir from a vape device; determining whether the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier has been returned; generating a security setting indicating whether the payload reservoir has been returned; and transmitting the security setting to the vape device, wherein operation of the vape device is prevented if the security setting indicates that the payload reservoir has been returned.;
claim 39: 475. A system for determining whether payload reservoirs of vape devices have been returned to a return center, comprising: a vape device comprising a payload reservoir, wherein the vape device is configured to store a unique payload identifier that identifies the payload reservoir, and wherein the vape device is configured to transmit the unique payload identifier to a personal computing device; and an application configured to be installed on the personal computing device, wherein the application is configured to enable the personal computing device to (a) receive the unique payload identifier from the vape device, (b) determine whether the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier has been returned, (c) generate a security setting indicating whether he payload reservoir has been returned, and (d) transmit the security setting to the vape device, wherein operation of the vape device is prevented if the security setting indicates that the payload reservoir has been returned.;
claim 40: 478. A system for determining whether payload reservoirs of vape devices have been recalled, wherein each of the payload reservoirs is identified by a unique payload identifier, the system comprising: a processor; a memory device; a set of instructions stored in the memory device and executable by the processor to: receive a unique payload identifier for a payload reservoir of a vape device; determine whether the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier has been recalled; generate a security setting indicating whether the payload reservoir has been recalled; and cause transmission of the security setting to the vape device, wherein operation of the vape device is prevented if the security setting indicates that the payload reservoir has been recalled.;
claim 41: 484. A method for determining whether payload reservoirs of vape devices have been recalled, wherein each of the payload reservoirs is identified by a unique payload identifier, the method comprising: receiving a unique payload identifier for a payload reservoir from a vape device; determining whether the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier has been recalled; generating a security setting indicating whether the payload reservoir has been recalled; and transmitting the security setting to the vape device, wherein operation of the vape device is prevented if the security setting indicates that the payload reservoir has been recalled.;
claim 42: 486. A system for determining whether payload reservoirs of vape devices have been recalled, comprising: a vape device comprising a payload reservoir, wherein the vape device is configured to store a unique payload identifier that identifies the payload reservoir, and wherein the vape device is configured to transmit the unique payload identifier to a personal computing device; and an application configured to be installed on the personal computing device, wherein the application is configured to enable the personal computing device to (a) receive the unique payload identifier from the vape device, (b) determine whether the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier has been recalled, (c) generate a security setting indicating whether he payload reservoir has been recalled, and (d) transmit the security setting to the vape device, wherein operation of the vape device is prevented if the security setting indicates that the payload reservoir has been recalled.;
claim 43: 490. A system for determining whether control assemblies are authorized for use with cartridges of vape devices, wherein each of the cartridges comprises a payload reservoir identified by a unique payload identifier, the system comprising: a processor; a memory device; a set of instructions stored in the memory device and executable by the processor to: receive a unique payload identifier for a payload reservoir of a vape device; receive a control assembly identifier for a control assembly of the vape device; identify a list of one or more control assembly identifiers for control assemblies that are authorized for use with the payload reservoir identified by the unique identifier; compare the control assembly identifier with the list of control assembly identifiers; generate, based on the comparison, a security setting indicating whether the control assembly identified by the control assembly identifier is authorized for use with the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier; and cause transmission of the security setting to the vape device.;
claim 44: 497. A method for determining whether control assemblies are authorized for use with cartridges of vape devices, wherein each of the cartridges comprises a payload reservoir identified by a unique payload identifier, the method comprising: receiving a unique payload identifier for a payload reservoir from a vape device; receiving a control assembly identifier for a control assembly of the vape device; identifying a list of one or more control assembly identifiers for control assemblies that are authorized for use with the payload reservoir identified by the unique identifier; comparing the control assembly identifier with the list of control assembly identifiers; generating, based on the comparison, a security setting indicating whether the control assembly identified by the control assembly identifier is authorized for use with the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier; and transmitting the security setting to the vape device.;
claim 45: 500. A system for determining whether control assemblies are authorized for use with cartridges of vape devices, comprising: a vape device comprising a control assembly and a cartridge comprising a payload reservoir, wherein the control assembly is configured to store a control assembly identifier, wherein the cartridge is configured to store a unique payload identifier, and wherein the vape device is configured to transmit the control assembly identifier and the unique payload identifier to a personal computing device; and an application configured to be installed on the personal computing device, wherein the application is configured to enable the personal computing device to (a) receive the control assembly identifier and the unique payload identifier from the vape device, (b) identify a list of one or more control assembly identifiers for control assemblies that are authorized for use with the payload reservoir identified by the unique identifier, (c) compare the control assembly identifier with the list of control assembly identifiers, (d) generate, based on the comparison, a security setting indicating whether the control assembly identified by the control assembly identifier is authorized for use with the payload reservoir identified by the unique payload identifier, and (?) transmit the security setting to the vape device.

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